Home' Trinidad and Tobago Guardian : July 4th 2013 Contents A29
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3RD 4TH & 5TH FORMS
Claim To Cemetery
Notice is hereby given pur-
suant to a claim by Maurice
Kirton of No. 126 Eight
Street Barataria who has
applied to the Mayor,
Aldermen and Citizens of
the City of Port-of-Spain
hereinafter called "the
Corporation" for the grant to
him of the exclusive Right of
Burial in an allotment in the
measuring 1.22 m by 3.05
m and situated in Block No.
14 West grave no 189 and
registered in the name of
Estate of Daisy-Kirton and
that thc Corporation intends
to issue to the said Maurice
Kirton the grants applied for
unless objection to the
issue thereof is lodged with
the Corporation before and
the Corporation is satisfied,
after investigation, that the
objector has shown suffi-
cient cause why such grant
should not be issued.
Chief Executive Officer
Born in 788 AD at village
Kaladi in Malabar (Kerala)
to Shivaguru, a proficient
religious teacher, and his devoted
wife, Aryamba, Shankaracharya
was popularly called Shankara.
His parents belonged to a sect of
austere, scholarly and diligent
Brahmins and his father himself
started imparting religious educa-
tion to Shankara even when the
latter was only an infant.
Shankara was a child blessed
with extraordinary talent and
sharpness of intellect. He
emerged as an unparalleled
prodigy, as he picked up the
basics of Sanskrit when he was
only one year old. Endowed with
a phenomenal memory and an
immense power of concentration,
he could repeat verbatim any-
thing which he heard or read
only once. He was about five
when his father passed away.
Soon thereafter, he was admitted
to a Gurukul (school for religious
learning) and within a short peri-
od, he mastered the Vedic Iore.
While yet only eight, he
embarked upon the monastic life
and constantly practiced spiritual
disciplines involving yoga of
action, devotion, knowledge and
control of mind. He was soon
recognised as a leading philoso-
pher, mystic and a reviver and
reformer of Hinduism.
In the next 24 years before he
breathed his last at Kedarnath in
the Himalayas in 820 AD at the
age of only 32, he had travelled
on foot the entire Indian sub-
continent and established the
earliest Hindu monastic order.
With several maths and ashrams
(monasteries or shrines), the chief
among them being those at
Rameshwaram in the south,
Dwarka in the west, Puri in the
east and Badrinath in the north.
He placed each monastery under
a teacher, also called a
Shankaracharya, who propagated
the philosophy of monism.
Attempts have been made to
use the title Sankaracharya but
the order created around 820 AD
stipulated that a Sankaracharya
could only be appointed at the
death of one of the leaders. And
this could only be done by the
This earnest and passionate
lover of God appeared at a criti-
cal juncture in the history of
human thought and culture,
when religious conflicts were the
order of the day and divergent
trends were struggling for
supremacy. He succeeded largely
in resolving those conflicting ten-
dencies and achieved an integrat-
Through his brilliant commen-
taries on the scriptures, in par-
ticular the Uttara Mimansh, and
incisive debates, he repudiated
the flawed logic of his opponents
and established non-dualism as
the ultimate creed. He also refut-
ed the claims of the popular reli-
gion of that time to be an exclu-
sive route for attaining the
He gave new dimensions to
devotional literature by bringing
within its orbit exquisite enquiry
and mysticism. In his learned
commentary on the Bhagwad
Gita, he maintains that the
Supreme Lord is transcendental
to material creation and that
Lord Krishna was the same
supreme personality, who though
seemed as born possessing a
body, was in reality unborn,
unchanging, the Lord of all cre-
ated beings, and by nature eter-
nal, pure, illumined and free.
His writings, which include a
number of philosophical treatises
and soul-stirring hymns, were
regarded as "marvels of precision
and penetration." According to
the late Dr S Radhakrishnan, for-
mer philosopher President of
India, "as the traditionally
accepted beliefs had become
inadequate and false on account
of changed times,
Shankaracharya s insight super-
vened and stirred the depths of
diverse popular divinities as
manifestations of one and the
same God. In his view, all the
holy books of the Hindus express
the same truth ie the need of
Unitism in various ways. He
believed that nothing exists
except God, who is Nirgun (free
from all attributes) and all else is
mere illusion, which man in his
ignorance regards as real.
A true seeker of salvation
must, however, lift the veil of
ignorance and perceive real unity,
and this exalted state can be
achieved only after certain spiri-
tual exercise which leads to mys-
ticism. The promotion by him to
the harmony of religions through
his philosophy of non-dualism
was and is even now his and
India s unique contribution to the
philosophical thought of the
As in the case of several other
spiritually illumined and God-
realised saints over the centuries,
certain miracles are also associat-
ed with Adi Shankaracharya.
When, at the tender age of eight,
he wanted to launch himself on a
monastic life, his mother strongly
opposed the move. But, while
one day he was bathing in a
river, a crocodile caught hold of
one of his legs.
Shankara s mother, who was
very anxious as she witnessed
the horrifying scene, desperately
wished her son to be saved at
At that moment, Shankara said
he would save himself only if his
mother agreed to his taking to
the monastic life. As the mother
nodded, Shankara extricated his
leg from the crocodile s jaw and
came out of the water unscathed.
Taken from article in (2004)
SHANKARACHARYA, PHILOSOPHER, MYSTIC
He gave new
devotional literature by
bringing within its
orbit exquisite enquiry
and mysticism. In his
on the Bhagwad Gita,
he maintains that the
Supreme Lord is
material creation and
that Lord Krishna was
the same supreme
though seemed as born
possessing a body...
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