Home' Trinidad and Tobago Guardian : August 16th 2013 Contents A29
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Cameroon has formally taken full sovereignty of
the oil-rich Bakassi peninsula, ceded by Nigeria in
The territory was handed over after an International
Court of Justice ruling, ending years of border skirmishes.
The five-year UN-backed transition period exempted
residents in the area, many of them Nigerian fishermen,
from paying tax. Now the Nigerians must also apply
for a residence permit or take up Cameroonian citi-
zenship if they wish to remain.
The BBC s Randy Joe Sa ah in the capital, Yaounde,
says official figures put the number of people living in
the peninsula at 300,000, 90 per cent of whom are
Nigeria. It is not clear how many have decided to leave
the region, but it is believed most have decided to
remain, he says. Most of those who have left Cameroon
are living in camps in Nigeria s Cross River state, where
they have been critical of the authorities for not doing
enough to resettle them.
It was agreed that the transitional phase would allow
Cameroon to develop an administrative presence in the
1,000 square kilometres (386 square mile) area, which
juts into the Gulf of Guinea. (BBC)
Bakassi residents to pay tax under Cameroon sovereignty
CAIRO---Hundreds of supporters of Egypt s
Muslim Brotherhood stormed a government
building in Cairo yesterday and set it ablaze,
as fury over a security crackdown on the
Islamist movement that killed hundreds of
people spilled on to the streets.
In Alexandria, Egypt s second largest city,
hundreds marched to protest against
Wednesday s violent breakup of Brotherhood
sit-ins in the capital, prompting nationwide
violence in which at least 525 people died
and thousands were wounded.
"We will come back again for the sake of
our martyrs!" the protesters chanted.
They demanded the reinstatement of for-
mer President Mohamed Morsi, who was
deposed by the army six weeks ago after
mass demonstrations against him, and whose
ouster triggered a crisis that has polarised
the most populous Arab nation.
Brotherhood spokesman Gehad El-Haddad
told Reuters that anger within the movement,
which has millions of supporters, was
"After the blows and arrests and killings
that we are facing, emotions are too high to
be guided by anyone," he said.
The Brotherhood called on followers to
march in Cairo yesterday, while funeral pro-
cessions for those who died will provide fur-
ther potential flashpoints over the coming
On Wednesday, protesters clashed with
police and troops who used bulldozers, tear-
gas and live ammunition to clear two Cairo
sit-ins that had become a hub of resistance
to the military.
The clashes spread quickly to Alexandria
and numerous towns and cities around the
mostly Muslim nation of 84 million.
A Reuters witness counted 228 bodies,
most of them wrapped in white shrouds,
arranged in rows on the floor of the Al-Imam
mosque in northeast Cairo, close to the worst
of the violence.
Some men pulled back the shrouds to
reveal badly charred corpses with smashed
skulls. Women knelt and wept beside one
body. Two men embraced each other and
shed tears by another.
In the aftermath of the bloodshed, and
with the death toll expected to rise further,
Morsi supporters were left dazed by a crack-
down that was more swift and brutal than
Army chief General Abdel Fattah al-Sisi
removed Morsi from power on July 3 in the
wake of huge protests by people frustrated
at the lack of progress on economic reform
and wary of what they saw as a creeping
Islamist power grab.
But the subsequent crackdown points to
a bleak future for the Brotherhood, which
was suppressed for decades under autocrat
Hosni Mubarak before he was toppled in a
2011 uprising. (Reuters)
A fresh wave of bombings in the Iraqi cap-
ital Baghdad has killed at least 33 people and
wounded scores more, officials say.
Reports say at least six car bombs exploded
across the city, one close to the heavily fortified
Another blast killed at least seven people
near a bus station in Baghdad s northern
The bombings follow a series of deadly
attacks across Iraq during the Muslim holy
month of Ramadan.
They also come a day after two explosions
in the city of Baquba, north-east of Baghdad,
killed at least 14 people and wounded another
26.One of the bombs detonated in a cafe near
the city centre and the other in a street.
Yesterday s attacks included a blast about
300 metres from Baghdad s Green Zone where
many diplomatic buildings are located, Reuters
news agency said. At least four people were
The bombings reportedly hit both Shia-
majority and Shia-Sunni mixed areas of the
Recent months have seen a surge in violence
across Iraq, most of it involving Sunni Islamist
militant groups targeting Shia Muslim districts.
However, Sunni areas have also been hit.
Casualty figures released by the United
Nations showed 1,057 Iraqis---most of them
civilians---were killed last month. The bloodshed
in Iraq peaked during the height of the insur-
gency in 2006-7, but the UN figures make
July the deadliest month for years. (BBC)
The UN says weapons inspectors are
to depart shortly for Syria to investigate
the alleged use of chemical weapons.
Under an agreement reached with Dam-
ascus, the UN team is to visit three sites
over two weeks, including a northern town
at the centre of allegations of chemical
Some 26 people were killed in the
attacks in Khan al-Assal in March.
The UN mission had been delayed over
differences with the Syrian government
over the scope of the investigation.
However, on July 31 the Syrian govern-
ment agreed to allow UN inspectors to
visit the sites. On Wednesday, the UN
said its team had completed their trip
"The government of Syria has formally
accepted the modalities essential for co-
operation to ensure the proper, safe and
efficient conduct of the mission," a
spokesman for UN chief Ban Ki-moon,
Eduardo del Buey, said.
"The departure of the team is now
imminent," he added.
The mandate of the ten-man investi-
gating team, led by Swedish arms expert
Ake Sellstroem, is limited to reporting on
whether chemical weapons were actually
used and which ones, but it will not deter-
mine responsibility for any attacks.
After the initial two weeks, the UN said,
the trip was "extendable upon mutual
Two of the locations to be investigated
have not been identified so far.
What started out as anti-government
protests inspired by the Arab Spring quick-
ly descended into a full-scale civil war in
Syria, with more than 100,000 people
killed during the 28-month conflict.
The possibility of President Bashar al-
Assad using Syria s chemical weapons
stock or rebels obtaining some of the
stockpiles is one of the factors that has
most worried Western observers of the
The UN says it has received up to 13
reports of chemical weapons use in Syria---
one from the Damascus government about
the events at Khan al-Assal, with the rest
mainly from the UK, France and United
States. Both sides of the conflict---the
rebels and the government---have denied
using chemical weapons.
Syria is one of seven countries that have
not joined the 1997 convention banning
chemical weapons. (BBC)
A man holds the body
of a supporter of
Mohammed Morsi at
the El-Iman mosque in
Cairo's Nasr City,
raised the death toll
from clashes the
previous day between
police and supporters
of the ousted Islamist
hundreds of people
died and laying bare
the extent of the
violence that swept
much of the country
and prompted the
government to declare
a nationwide state of
emergency and a
Baghdad hit by wave of deadly bombings
Egypt death toll reaches 525
UN team to
attacks in Syria
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