Home' Trinidad and Tobago Guardian : August 18th 2013 Contents A6
Sunday Guardian www.guardian.co.tt August 18, 2013
Applications will be accepted from ten (10) working days prior to the auction date. The
deadline for submission of tenders to the Domestic Market Operations Department of the
Central Bank is 12:00 noon on the auction date.
Central Bank of Trinidad
and Tobago and must accompany each tender. Cheque payments must be submitted no later
than three (3) working days prior to the auction date.
Competitive tenders can be submitted for any amount up to the issue size and must state the
price the bidder is willing to pay for each $1,000 of the face value being applied for. Competitive
bids may be rejected if the face value of the entire issue is allocated at higher bid prices or if
made to a bid that is rejected.
bidder agrees to accept the weighted average price of the successful bids determined in the
For competitive tenders, payments must be in the amount of the total cost of the bills; for
non-competitive tenders, payments will be equivalent to the face value being applied for.
The Central Bank of Trinidad and Tobago invites tenders
from the public for the following issue:
TREASURY BILL AUCTION
www.central-bank.org.tt/content/treasury-bills or call
The Human Papilloma Virus
(HPV) vaccination programme in
schools, which targeted girls
between 11 and 12, is expected to
resume when the new school
term opens in September, says
Gwendolyn Snaggs, head of the
Expanded Programme on Immu-
nisation (EPI) unit at the Ministry
The programme was launched
in January, but flopped due to
objections from the Catholic Edu-
cation Board of Management
(CEBM) and other stakeholders.
Of the 20,000 girls targeted in
the first phase of the programme,
Snaggs said only about 500 have
received the vaccine so far.
Health Minister Dr Fuad Khan
said after the Catholic Church gave
approval, the programme was not
restarted because it would have
disrupted students in their prepa-
ration for the Secondary Entrance
The CEBM had advised parents
to desist from giving consent for
their children to be given the vac-
cine, citing a lack of information
about the vaccine and saying the
Ministry of Health did not notify
the CEBM about the programme.
Snaggs said the EPI has "re-
engineered" the programme to
meet the requirements of the
CEBM and other interest groups.
"Since the programme was sus-
pended due to objections from the
Catholic Board, we have been look-
ing at restructuring the flyers and
letters to parents. The flyers are
more explicit with regard to the
adverse effects of the vaccine.
"We are also launching a public
relations drive where we would
use television, radio, and cottage
meetings to get parents to buy in."
Snaggs said there have been no
reports of any adverse effects in
children who took the vaccine.
The Ministry of Health is now
awaiting confirmation from the
Ministry of Education, which is
expected before the new school
term, to resume the programme,
Khan said he has spoken with
Education Minister Dr Tim
Gopeesingh who has expressed
willingness to resume the pro-
Efforts to contact Gopeesingh
Six months after the Human
Papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination
programme in schools flopped,
parents are now keen on having
their children vaccinated for HPV,
however many may find it difficult
to get the vaccine outside the
school system, the Sunday
Snaggs said interest has been
growing among parents and many
of them have been calling the min-
istry to find out how they could
get their child immunised for HPV.
"Parents are calling, asking for
their daughters to be immunised.
We have also noticed that some
parents are calling for their sons
and also some young men have
called, asking for the vaccine.
"The ministry has been giving
the vaccine in low-key to these
parents. Parents went to the health
centres and their children have
received the vaccine," she said.
However, workers at several
health centres---St Helena, Arouca,
Carenage, Woodbrook, Moruga,
Rio Claro---told the Sunday
Guardian last week, via telephone,
the vaccine was not available.
One health worker at the Moru-
ga Health Centre said: "There was
a problem with consent, so we are
not giving it at this time."
An official at the Rio Claro
Health Centre said she couldn t
say when the vaccine would be
available because no official cor-
respondence was received.
Asked to comment on the health
centres responses, Snaggs said:
"This is wrong information. The
vaccines are lodged at the county
medical offices and although there
isn t a formal programme at the
health centre, it could be made
available to those who want to get
"Nurses at the health centres
need to be more accommodating
because the vaccines are available,"
she added. Although there is no
"formal vaccination programme"
at the health centre, Snaggs said,
health workers could go to the
county medical office and collect
the amount needed.
Khan said because of storage
requirements, health centres need-
ed to apply to the county medical
office for the vaccine and the
amount needed would be provid-
"It is available. They can put
people on a certain date to come
in and then request the amount,
because they can t have vaccines
sitting in a fridge indefinitely," he
He said the application method
also prevented vaccines from being
sold on the black market.
The Point Fortin and Penal
Health Centres confirmed that the
vaccine was available to girls
between 11 and 12.
• January 23, 2013, Health
Minister Dr Fuad Khan launched
the vaccination programme at the
El Socorro South Government and
Sacred Heart Girls Primary
• January 29, 2013, the Min-
istry of Health stopped the pro-
gramme due to objections from
the Catholic Education Board of
• February 7, 2013, the
Catholic Church gave approval,
under certain conditions: the Min-
istry of Health must provide full
disclosure about the vaccine to parents
and implement a programme to monitor
students after they receive the vaccine.
• September, 2013, vaccination
programme to resume in schools.
• Human Papillomavirus is a col-
lection of viruses that cause warts on
different parts of the body. In many
cases of HPV, warts do not develop,
causing a person to be unaware of
• Of the 100-plus strains of HPV
which exist, 40 affect the genital area
and are sexually transmitted.
• Genital HPV infections are con-
tracted through sexual intercourse, and
other skin-to-skin contact in the genital
region. A condom does not protect one
• At least half of people who are sex-
ually active will contract the HPV virus
at some point in their lives.
• HPV 16 and 18 are high-risk genital
strains and cause 70 per cent of cervical
• Cancers caused by genital, high-
risk strains of HPV include: cervical
(99 per cent), anal (90 per cent), vulvar
(40 per cent), vaginal (40 per cent),
oropharyngeal (12 per cent), oral (3 per
cent), and penal.
• The Gardasil vaccine, used by the
Ministry of Health, does not protect
against all 100 types of HPV, however
it is nearly 100 per cent effective in
preventing the high-risk strains---HPV
16 and 18---as well as other strains
which cause cancers of the anus, vagina
• The vaccine is approved by the
Food and Drug Administration (FDA)
and studies have shown there are no
serious side effects.
• Common, mild side effects include
pain where the shot was given, fever,
headache, and nausea.
• Every year, 93 women die from
cervical cancer in T&T.
• Regular pelvic exams and Pap tests
are recommended to detect cervical
cancer in its earliest stages.
(WebMD, Centre for Disease and
Control (CDC), Medscape, Ministry
Flashback: Student Aaliyah Ravello smiles while being administered the
HPV vaccination by Alicia Billingy, Public Health Officer 2 of the Port-of-
Spain Corporation, at the launch of the Ministry's Vaccination
Programme at Sacred Heart Girls RC School. PHOTO: KEARRA GOPEE
HPV vaccinations to
resume in September
Links Archive August 17th 2013 August 19th 2013 Navigation Previous Page Next Page