Home' Trinidad and Tobago Guardian : August 21st 2013 Contents Example:-
(S1) The teacher (Subject) in the music class
was loved by all the standard four students.
(S2) All the standard four students loved the
teacher (Object) in the music class.
1. The huge bowl of dog chow was heartily eaten by
2. The novel was read by Maria during her spare
3. Marissa was given a bag of snacks by Pauline
4. The jewellery had been stolen from the store
owner by the bandit.
5. Andrew was chosen as football captain by our
6. The distance had been swum in record time by
the popular swimmer.
7. The sick patient was brought to the hospital by
8. Many wild animals had been seen by the hunters
in the forest.
DIRECT and INDIRECT SPEECH
Direct Speech refers to the actual words of a speaker.
Open and closed quotation marks indicate the begin-
ning and end of the Direct Speech.
For example in the question "Will you like to go to the
grocery with me?," Mummy asked Tracy, the underlined
words are the Direct Speech.
However, when someone reports what was said, for ex-
ample:- Mummy asked Tracy if she would like to go to
the grocery with her, the underlined words, here, form
what is called the Reported or Indirect speech. Note
that in Indirect Speech, the actual words are not used.
Practice Exercise 3:-
Write D.S (Direct Speech) or I.S (Indirect Speech) in
the brackets to describe the following sentences.
"Aren't you coming with us?" Gena asked her friend,
1. The tour guide advised the group, "Please wait
here until I return". (
2. The teacher told the children to take out their
Reading books and turn to page one hundred and
3. Mr. Hendricks enquired about where they would
like to go the next day when they visited Tobago.
4. The footballer shouted to his friend, "Pass the ball
quickly before you lose it". (
5. The principal informed the parents that the next
meeting would be held that same time the follow-
ing term. (
6. The man shouted to his friend, "Be extremely
careful when you climb that shaky ladder!"
"I have already seen that same movie since last
week," Jenny told her cousin, Corinne. (
8. The clerk advised the customer that the company
would be willing to refund him the money if they
did not deliver the package on time.
NOTE: Please observe the following when changing
Direct Speech to Indirect Speech:-
A. Changes In Tense
1. The Present Tense changes into the Past Tense.
2. The Past Tense changes into the Past Perfect
3. The Present Continuous Tense changes into the
Past Continuous Tense.
4. The Perfect Tense changes into the Past Perfect
5. The Future Tense changes into the Future Condi-
These changes can be seen in the following examples:-
B. Changes In Personal Pronouns And Possessive
I, me, she, he, they,
him, her, them,
and so on.
his, her, my, their.
(S1) Daddy asked Simone, "Could you please bring
some tea for me?" (D. S)
(S2) Daddy asked whether she could bring some tea
for him. (I. S)
C. CHANGES IN PLACE and TIME:-
DIRECT SPEECH INDIRECT SPEECH
the day before/
the previous day
the next day
the night before/
the previous night
the following week
the following week
(S1) "We'll look for the bat, tomorrow", Darrel prom-
(S2) Darrel promised that they would look for the bat
the next day.
Practice Exercise 4: (Refer to A, B and C, above)
Change the following sentences into Indirect
"I will like you to go to the playing field and wait
there for me," the coach said to the cricketers.
2. Mummy assured the children, "I have already
made all the arrangements for the party, tomor-
"I am giving you your doctor's appointment for
Wednesday, next week at nine a.m. sharp," the
secretary informed the patient.
4. The man asked the mason, "Have you enough
time to complete the building by next month?"
Guardian www.guardian.co.tt Wednesday, August 21, 2013
Continued on next page
1. Jeff said, "I meet my Jeff said that he met his
2. Jeff said, "I met my
Jeff said that he had met
3. Jeff said, "I am meeting Jeff said that he was
meeting his friends
4. Jeff said, "I have met Jeff said that he had met
5. Jeff said, "I will/shall Jeff said that he would/
meet my friends."
should meet his friends.
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