Home' Trinidad and Tobago Guardian : October 22nd 2013 Contents A32
body & soul
Guardian www.guardian.co.tt Tuesday, October 22, 2013
Applications are invited from suitably qualified
persons for appointment to the above mentioned
Particulars relating to the office are given hereunder:-
Kind of Work
Technical work in the field of Public Health Education.
Minimum Experience and Training Requirements
Experience (18 months to 4 years) in Public Health
Education and training as evidenced by a Degree in
Health Education; or any equivalent combination of
experience and training.
Required Knowledge, Skills and Abilities
Extensive knowledge of the principles and practices of
Knowledge of the principles of Public Health
Knowledge of the facilities, media, methods and
techniques of disseminating educational information
to the public.
Knowledge of the basic principles of public health.
Ability to use initiative and resourcefulness in
gathering data and composing articles and speeches
on public health topics.
Ability to present ideas accurately, effectively and
concisely, both orally and in writing.
Ability to interpret public health subjects, community
groups and individuals.
Ability to establish and maintain effective working
relationships with associates, local agencies and com-
Range 46: $8,103 - $9,550/$10,149 per month
Applications from officers holding permanent
appointments in the Public Service should be made on
the Application for Promotion Form. Temporary offi-
cers should submit their application on the
Application for Employment Form.
Persons wishing to apply can access the
Advertisement, the Application Form and the Job
Specification at the Service Commissions Department
and on the website at www.scd.org.tt
Application forms are obtainable from any District
Revenue Office, the Chief Administrator, Tobago
House of Assembly or the Service Commissions
Interested officers must send their applications
through their Permanent Secretaries or Heads of
Department no later than 31st October, 2013 to:
The Director of Personnel Administration
Service Commissions Department
52-58 Woodford Street
Persons who have applied previously and who
still wish to be considered for appointment to
the office are advised to re-apply in response
to this Advertisement.
Applicants are advised to submit the following along
with their application:-
i. Telephone Contact;
ii. Relevant copies of your Birth/Academic
iii. Any other relevant information; e.g. Curriculum
INCOMPLETE AND UNSUITABLE
APPLICATIONS WILL NOT BE CONSIDERED.
SERVICE COMMISSIONS DEPARTMENT
ADVERTISEMENT OF VACANCY
Office of Health Education Officer (Range 46), Ministry of Health
Think spanking will help teach an
out-of-control child to stay in line?
A new study suggests the opposite
may be true.
Researchers found kids who were
spanked as five-year-olds were slightly
more likely to be aggressive and break
rules later in elementary school.
Those results are in keeping with
past research, said Elizabeth Gershoff.
She studies parental discipline and its
effects at the University of Texas at
"There s just no evidence that spank-
ing is good for kids," she told Reuters
"Spanking models aggression as a
way of solving problems, that you can
hit people and get what you want,"
Gershoff, who wasn t involved in the
new study, said.
"When (children) want another kid s
toy, the parents haven t taught them
how to use their words or how to nego-
Despite mounting evidence on the
harms tied to spanking, it is "still a
very typical experience" for US chil-
dren, the study s lead author said.
"Most kids experience spanking at
least some point in time," Michael
MacKenzie, from Columbia University
in New York, said. "So there s this dis-
His team used data from a long-
term study of children born in one of
20 US cities between 1998 and 2000.
The new report includes about 1,900
Researchers surveyed parents when
children were three and five-years-old
about whether and how often they
spanked their child.
Then they asked mothers about their
kid s behaviour problems and gave the
children a vocabulary test at age nine.
A total of 57 per cent of mothers
and 40 per cent of fathers said they
spanked children when they were
three-years-old. That fell slightly to
52 per cent of mothers and 33 per cent
of fathers who spanked at age five.
Children acted out more and were
more aggressive when they had been
spanked by their mothers as five-year-
olds, whether regularly or occasion-
Spanking by mothers at least twice
a week was tied to a two-point increase
on a 70-point scale of problem behav-
iour. That was after the researchers
took into account children s behaviour
at younger ages and other family char-
There was no link between spanking
by parents at age three and children s
later behaviour, however.
Kids also tended to score lower on
vocabulary tests when they had been
regularly spanked by their fathers at
age five, MacKenzie and his colleagues
write in Pediatrics.
The average vocabulary score for all
nine-year-olds in the study was 93,
slightly below the test-wide standard
score of 100. Frequent spanking by
fathers was linked to a four-point lower
score. But the researchers couldn t be
sure that small difference wasn t due
Gershoff said the finding is a bit
hard to interpret. "I don t think that
spanking makes kids stupider," she
It s possible that parents who are
spanking are not talking to their chil-
dren as often, Gershoff said. Or kids
who are spanked and act out could be
more distracted in the classroom.
When it comes to disciplining chil-
dren, she said there s more evidence
on what doesn t work long-term than
"We know that spanking doesn t
work, we know that yelling doesn t
work," Gershoff said. "Timeout is kind
of a mixed bag. We know that reason-
ing does work."
MacKenzie said spanking continues
to seem effective to parents in the short
term, which makes it hard to change
their minds about it.
"It s strongly associated with imme-
diate compliance," he told Reuters
Health. "Children will change their
behaviour in the moment."
Because family strain and spanking
often go together, he said doctors
should try to support stressed parents
to encourage more positive forms of
"The techniques that are designed
to promote positive behaviours ...
oftentimes take more effort and time
to put into place," MacKenzie said.
It's possible that parents
who are spanking are not
talking to their children as
often, Gershoff said. Or kids
who are spanked and act out
could be more distracted in
When it comes to
disciplining children, she
said there's more evidence
on what doesn't work long-
term than what does.
"We know that spanking
doesn't work, we know that
yelling doesn't work,"
Gershoff said. "Timeout is
kind of a mixed bag. We
know that reasoning does
Fifty-seven 57 per
cent of mothers and
40 per cent of fathers
said they spanked
children when they
Children acted out
more and were more
aggressive when they
had been spanked by
their mothers as five-
YOUR DAILY HEALTH
News and advice
Links Archive October 21st 2013 October 23rd 2013 Navigation Previous Page Next Page