Home' Trinidad and Tobago Guardian : December 6th 2013 Contents A29
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ed Nations is asking the
Dominican Republic to quickly
restore the nationality of indi-
viduals affected by a recent
court decision that could
revoke the citizenship of tens
of thousands of people.
The UN High Commissioner
for Refugees said yesterday that
international legal standards
require Dominican authorities
to restore automatically the
nationality of individuals affect-
ed by the ruling. People affected
also need a simple way to obtain
their identity documents.
The Dominican Republic
launched a plan Saturday that
puts into motion the court deci-
sion. The plan gives those
affected by the ruling 18 months
to request Dominican citizen-
ship starting in June 2014.
Advocacy groups say that an
estimated 200,000 people
could lose their citizenship,
many of them of Haitian
descent. The government
maintains that only some
24,000 would be affected.
UN asks Dominican Republic to restore nationality
July 18, 1918---Born to Hendry
Mphakanyiswa, a Thembu chief,
and Nosekeni Qunu in the
Umtata district of the Transkei,
at a time when virtually all of
Africa was under European colo-
1940---Expelled from Univer-
sity of Fort Hare, a leading insti-
tution for blacks, for role in a
1942---Joins African National
Congress, South Africa s main
campaigner for black equality.
1943---Receives BA from Fort
Hare after completing corre-
spondence courses through Uni-
versity of South Africa.
June 4, 1948---National Party,
dominated by white Dutch-
descended Afrikaners, is elected
to power and begins installing
apartheid, a system of complete
racial segregation. It will rule
without interruption for 46
1952---Mandela leads the
Defiance Campaign, encouraging
people to break racial separation
laws. Convicted under Suppres-
sion of Communism Act,
banned from attending gather-
ings and leaving Johannesburg.
Passes exam to qualify as an
attorney and, with Tambo,
forms the first black law part-
nership in the country.
1958---Marries social worker
Winnie Nomzamo Madikizela
after divorcing Evelyn Mase, his
1961---Helps establish ANC
guerrilla wing, Umkhonto we
Sizwe, or Spear of the Nation.
April 20, 1964---At a time
when many African colonies
have become independent and
Mandela is on trial for sabotage,
he declares from the dock that
he is "prepared to die" for a
democratic South Africa.
June 12, 1964---Mandela and
six others are sentenced to life
imprisonment and sent to noto-
rious Robben Island to serve
1973---Refuses a government
offer of release on condition he
agrees to a kind of exile in his
Feb 10, 1985---Another release
offer, on condition he renounce
violence. In fiery refusal, read
by his daughter Zindzi at a rally,
Mandela says burden is on the
government to renounce vio-
lence, end apartheid and nego-
1985---While in hospital for
prostate surgery he is visited by
Justice Minister Kobie Coetsee,
the beginning of a political and
diplomatic process that will lead
on Dec 9, 1988, to his transfer
to better prison conditions on
the mainland, north of Cape
July 5, 1989---Meets President
Dec 13, 1989---Meets Botha s
successor, FW de Klerk.
Feb 2, 1990---At the opening
of Parliament, de Klerk
announces the legalisation of all
political organisations including
the African National Congress.
Feb 10, 1990---De Klerk
announces Mandela will be
released the next day.
Feb 11, 1990---Mandela walks
out of prison, hand in hand with
wife Winnie, to cheering crowds.
Oct 15, 1993---Mandela and
de Klerk share Nobel Peace
May 10, 1994---Mandela inau-
gurated as South Africa s first
black president after ANC wins
South Africa s first all-race elec-
March 19, 1996---Mandela
granted a divorce from Winnie.
July 18, 1998---Mandela weds
former Mozambican first lady
Graca Machel on his 80th birth-
June 16, 1999---Mandela
retires after one term, a rarity
among African presidents, but
continues to be active in causes
promoting world peace, sup-
porting children and fighting
Jan 30, 2003---In speech, calls
U.S. President George W Bush
arrogant and shortsighted for
ignoring the UN on Iraq.
June 1, 2004---Announces
retirement from public life.
July 11, 2010---Mandela waves
to the crowd at Soccer City sta-
dium in Johannesburg as South
Africa bids farewell to the 2010
soccer World Cup. Driven in a
small golf cart and seated along-
side wife, Graca Machel, the
smiling, warmly dressed Man-
dela is welcomed by a thunder-
ous mix of vuvuzelas and roars
from the crowd.
June 21, 2011---Mandela
meets at his home with Michelle
Obama, her two daughters and
other Obama relatives.
spends nearly three weeks in a
hospital, where he is treated for
a lung infection and has a pro-
cedure to remove gallstones.
April 29, 2013---State televi-
sion broadcasts footage of a visit
by President Jacob Zuma and
other ANC leaders to Mandela
at his Johannesburg home. Zuma
said at the time that Mandela
was in good shape, but the
footage---the first public images
of Mandela in nearly a year---
showed him silent and unre-
sponsive, even when Zuma tried
to hold his hand.
June 8, 2013---The govern-
ment says Mandela is admitted
to a hospital with a recurring
lung infection. Officials describe
his condition as serious but sta-
ble.December 5, 2013---Mandela
dies at age 95.
Major events in the
life of Nelson Mandela
In this May 10, 1994, file photo, Nelson Mandela dances at a
celebration concert in Pretoria, South Africa, following his
inauguration as the country's first black president. South Africa's
president said yesterday, that Mandela has died. He was 95.
A pair of thieves in Mexico may have stolen
more than they bargained for when they targeted
a truck this week.
The stolen vehicle was carrying delicate cargo---
a radioactive element used for medical purposes
that also can be used to make a so-called dirty
Mexican authorities said they found the stolen
truck and recovered likely all of the radioactive
cobalt Wednesday in a remote area 25 miles away
from where it was taken.
The suspected thieves are still on the loose,
though authorities expect they could turn up at
a clinic suffering symptoms of radiation exposure.
Mexican authorities told the IAEA that the truck,
which was transporting cobalt-60 from a hospital
in Tijuana to a radioactive waste storage center,
was stolen Monday in Tepojaco, near Mexico City.
Cobalt-60 is used in radiotherapy and in indus-
trial tools such as leveling devices and thickness
gauges. Large sources of cobalt-60 are used to
sterilize certain foods, as the gamma rays kill
bacteria but don t damage the product, according
to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.
If released into the environment, the radioactive
material can harm people. (CNN)
Stolen truck found
with nuclear load
Newly-appointed New York Police Department
Commissioner William "Bill" Bratton says pre-
vention of a terrorist attack in New York will be
one of his three major objectives when he assumes
office next month.
Bratton visited Port-of-Spain on November 11
for a two-day seminar at the Hyatt Regency,
Wrightson Road, Port-of-Spain. He met with
National Security Minister Gary Griffith and senior
police officers, including acting Police Commissioner
Bratton said while here that while police cor-
ruption had to stop, the best officers should be
He also advised that police officers must be paid
appropriately to ensure they perform at the best.
"The issue of corruption, unfortunately, is not
unique to your country. The good news in that
environment is where there is a will, there is a
way," he said then.
One of the major objections raised by the Oppo-
sition to his visit was its anticipated cost. But
Griffith said there was no exorbitant cost to the
State. Griffith said the total cost of the visit was
less than US$30,000.
"The bill for Mr Bill Bratton...I have the copy
of the bill, the invoice that was sent to me and
the grand total and that would include airfare,
accommodation, is less than US$30,000," Griffith
said in an interview with the T&T Guardian after
Bratton s visit to Trinidad.
New police chief
safe New York
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