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SUNDAY, DECEMBER 8, 2013
From prisoner to president
The world stops
South Africans contin-
ue to gather in Johannes-
burg and Soweto to pay
tribute to their former
leader, Nelson Mandela,
who died on Thursday
Hundreds are gathered
outside his home in Johan-
nesburg's northern suburb
of Houghton, where he died.
South African President
Zuma visited the house in
the early afternoon to pay his
On Tuesday, a service of
national mourning will be
held at a 95,000-seater sta-
dium on the outskirts of Jo-
Mandela's body will lie
in state from Wednesday to
Friday in the capital, Preto-
Next Sunday's funeral will
be held in the village of Qunu
in the Eastern Cape, where
he grew up.
Across the world, leaders,
celebrities and members of
the public have been paying
The Queen or the Prince of
Wales are expected to travel
to South Africa, though it
remains unclear which event
they will attend.
Other public figures ex-
pected to take part in memo-
rial events are Bill Gates, the
founder of Microsoft, U2's
Bono, Oprah Winfrey, Presi-
dent Obama, our own Oppo-
sition Leader, Dr Keith Row-
ley and Prime Minister of
Trinidad and Tobago, Kamla
Mandela is understood to
have chosen his own burial
spot, on a hillside within
his family's compound,
overlooking the green fields
where he tended cattle and
played as a boy.
Some claim that Man-
dela's funeral is set to be the
biggest the world has seen
since that of former Pope
John Paul II.
The Pope's funeral, held
at the Vatican in 2005, was
attended by five kings, six
queens and 70 presidents
and prime ministers.
18 July 1918
Rolihlahla Mandela is born in a small
South African village called Mvezo.
Having passed his Junior Certificate
in two years at Clarkebury Boarding
Institute Mandela joins Healdtown, a
college in Fort Beaufort.
Mandela becomes the first person in his
family to go to school. A teacher gives
him the name Nelson after having
difficulty pronouncing his real name.
Mandela flees to Johannesburg, to
avoid an arranged marriage. There he
meets Walter Sisulu and begins work at
his law firm.
Two years after joining the African
National Congress (ANC), Mandela
and 60 other young members form the
ANC Youth League.
The National Party comes to power
on the policy of apartheid. The ANC
launch a campaign of passive resistance
against the laws. They later begin the
Campaign for the Defence of Unjust
Mandela sets up the country's first
black law firm with Oliver Tambo.
They provide legal services to those
who would have normally had no
Along with 155 others, Mandela is
arrested and charged with treason.
After a four-year trial, the charges are
The ANC is concerned that it will be
banned so Mandela is tasked with
ensuring the party can work
Police kill 69 people, including women
and children, as black people protest
against restrictions on their freedom
of movement. A state of emergency is
declared and the ANC is banned.
The ANC concludes that peaceful pro-
test is not enough and forms an under-
ground military wing, Umkhonto we
Sizwe (Spear of the Nation). Mandela,
is appointed as the group's first leader.
Mandela is sentenced to five years in
jail for leaving the country illegally.
Hundreds of thousands
of people from across
the globe took to
Twitter to express their
sadness at the news
that the former South
African president had
died at the age of 95.
Up to 95,000 tweets a
minute were being sent
at the peak of social
media activity, many
with the hashtags
They included tweets
from politicians, celebri-
ties, sports stars, and
ordinary people as they
all tried to explain what
this extraordinary man
meant to them.
British prime min-
ister David Cameron
tweeted: "A great light
has gone out in the
world. Nelson Mandela
was a hero of our time.
I've asked for the flag
US President, Barack
Obama also tweeted
saying: "Let us pause
and give thanks for the
fact that Nelson Man-
Steven Harper, Prime
Minister of Canada
tweeted: "All of Canada
mourns with the family
of Nelson Mandela and
the citizens of South
Africa. The world has
lost one of its great
Bill Gates said that
each time he and his
wife had met Mandela,
they "left more inspired
than ever. His grace and
courage changed the
world. This is a sad day."
Locally, Dr Keith
Rowley tweeted: "RIP
Nelson Mandela. You
left an indelible mark
on the world. You were
hero, savior, inspiration
and leader. Your legacy
will live on."
Prime Minister, Kamla
tweeted: "He inspired
us to believe that no
obstacle is too large; no
walk is too long, and no
enemy of freedom is so
Soca star Machel Mon-
tano tweeted: "It's been
a long walk Madiba
...and now u are free
!!! Long live NELSON
MANDELA !!!! RIP"
While Mandela is in prison, fellow
ANC members are arrested. They are
charged with sabotage and treason,
along with Mandela.
At the end of the eight-month trial,
Mandela and seven other defendants
are given life sentences and taken to
prison on Robben Island.
Mandela and fellow ANC leaders are
transferred to Pollsmoor Prison.
11 February 1990
Mandela is freed after 27 years, as a
result of a relaxation of apartheid laws
and the lifting of the ban on the ANC.
He is greeted by large crowds as he
leaves the prison grounds.
At the ANC's first national conference
in South Africa, Mandela is elected
president of the party.
Mandela is elected as the country's
first black president. He addresses the
crowds at his inauguration, saying:
"Let freedom reign, God bless Africa!"
Mandela, along with South African
President FW De Klerk, is awarded the
Nobel Peace Prize for efforts to bring
stability to South Africa.
To mark the fifth anniversary of his
release, Nelson Mandela visits Robben
Island, the prison he was held in for 18
Thabo Mbeki takes over from Mandela
as president of South Africa and goes
on to win the 1999 presidential elec-
Despite his retirement, Mandela forms
The Elders. The group, which includes
Archbishop Desmond Tutu and other
statesmen and women, aims to help
tackle the world's problems.
Announcing his retirement from public
life, he joking tells reporters: "The ap-
peal therefore is --- don't call me, I'll
alive with tributes
1918 - 2013
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