Home' Trinidad and Tobago Guardian : December 22nd 2013 Contents A28
Sunday Guardian www.guardian.co.tt December 22, 2013
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The first five terms belong in a
group, as they relate to the structure
of a literary work.
Exposition: The essential back-
ground information at the beginning
of a literary work.
Rising action: The development of
conflict and complications in a literary
Climax: The turning point in a lit-
Falling action: Results or effects of
the climax of a literary work.
Resolution/denouement: End of
a literary work when loose ends are tied
up and questions are answered.
These are particularly true to the
structure of plays or dramatic presen-
tations, but can also relate to short sto-
ries, novels and other literary works.
The terms which follow are in
Alliteration: Repetition of the initial
consonant sounds of words: "Peter
Piper picked a peck of pickled pep-
Allusion: A reference to something
well-known that exists outside the lit-
Antagonist: Character that is the
source of conflict in a literary work.
Aside: A dramatic device in which
a character makes a short speech
intended for the audience but not heard
by the other characters on stage.
Characterisation: The manner in
which an author develops characters.
Conflict: Struggle between two or
more opposing forces (person vs person,
nature, society, self, fate/God).
Dialogue: Direct speech between
characters in a literary work.
Diction: Word choice to create a
Didactic purpose: The underlying
lesson(s) the author hopes readers or
viewers may learn from the work.
Figurative language: Language that
represents one thing in terms of some-
thing similar (includes simile, metaphor,
personification, hyperbole, symbol).
Flashback: The method of returning
to an earlier point in time for the pur-
pose of making the present clearer.
Foreshadowing: Hint of what is to
come in a literary work.
Genre: Type or category to which
a literary work belongs.
Hyperbole: Extreme exaggeration
to add meaning.
Essential literary terms
Imagery: Language that appeals
to some or all of the five senses.
Irony: (1) Dramatic: When the
reader or audience knows some-
thing a character does not. (2) Sit-
uational: When there is a disparity
between what is expected and what
actually occurs. (3) Verbal: When
the speaker says one thing but
means the opposite.
Metaphor: An implied com-
parison between similar objects:
"Her talents blossomed."
Motif: A recurring feature of a
literary work that is related to the
Onomatopoeia: Use of a word
whose sound imitates its meaning:
Oxymoron: Phrase that con-
sists of two words that are con-
tradictory: "living dead," "bitter-
Personification: Figure of
speech in which non-human
things are given human charac-
teristics: e.g. "Democracy ensures
that we get the government we
Plot: The sequence of events in
a literary work.
Point of view: The vantage
point or perspective from which a
literary work is told.
First person point of view---the
narrator is a character in the story
(use of "I").
Third person point of view---the
narrator is outside of the story (use
of "he," "she," or "they").
Protagonist: The main char-
acter in a literary work.
Pun: A humorous play on
words: "TV or not TV? That is the
Rhyme: Repetition of similar
or identical sounds: "look and
Rhyme scheme: Pattern of
rhyme along lines of poetry (denot-
ed using letters, as in: ABAB CDCD
Setting: The time and place of
a literary work.
Simile: A direct comparison of
dissimilar objects, usually using
"like" or "as": "I wandered lonely
as a cloud."
Soliloquy: A dramatic device
in which a character is alone and
speaks his or her thoughts aloud.
Stanza: Group of lines forming
a unit in a poem.
Stereotype: Standardised, con-
ventional ideas about characters,
plots and settings.
Suspense: Technique that keeps
the reader or audience guessing
what will happen next.
thing (object, person, place) used
to represent something else.
Theme: The underlying main
idea of a literary work.
To n e : The author s attitude
towards the subject of a work as
observed through his/her choice
of words in dealing with it.
Tiffany Julien from the Cox Catering Company serves guests at the St
Andrew's Home for the Aged's annual luncheon, which was hosted by
the Burrokeets Sports and Culture Club, Bella Road, Belmont Circular
Road, Port-of-Spain, yesterday. PHOTO: ABRAHAM DIAZ
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