Home' Trinidad and Tobago Guardian : January 14th 2014 Contents EXECUTIVE SEARCH
An established Group of Companies is seeking a dynamic Financial
Controller to lead its Accounting Department.
• Qualified ACCA with 5 years' hands on experience with IFRS Financial
Statements, a sound understanding of finance and accounting policies
procedures and practices.
• Cash Management Experience especially controlling Receivables,
Inventory and Payables, involving several bank accounts and currencies.
• Energetic and strategic new Executive, capable of building and
maintaining a strong internal accounting structure with focus on
meeting strict deadlines.
• Competent in liaising with Board of Directors and Senior Personnel,
both internal and external to the Companies.
• Demonstrated ability to lead, motivate and manage an experienced
• Sound negotiating, interpersonal, communications and network skills.
• High energy, self motivated individual.
• Practices sound financial business and ethical principles.
• Focused on Shareholder value and returns.
The remuneration package will be attractive to those seeking a new growth
challenge with the ultimate objective of MD.
Interested persons will send Resumes to:-
Only suitable qualified applications will be acknowledged.
Application deadline is 31st January 2014
body & soul
Guardian www.guardian.co.tt Tuesday, January 14, 2014
In a study of adults who experi-
enced psychosis for the first time,
having smoked marijuana daily was
linked to an earlier age of onset of
the disorder, according to UK
"This is not a study about the asso-
ciation between cannabis and psy-
chosis, but about the association
between specific patterns of cannabis
use...and an earlier onset of psychotic
disorders," Dr Marta Di Forti, who
led the research at the Institute of
Psychiatry at Kings College, said in
Among more than 400 people in
South London admitted to hospitals
with a diagnosed psychotic episode,
the study team found the heaviest
smokers of high-potency cannabis
averaged about six years younger than
patients who had not been smoking
Psychosis is a general term for a
loss of reality, and is associated with
several psychiatric diseases, including
schizophrenia and bipolar disorder.
Some previous research has sug-
gested that using cannabis might trig-
ger psychosis in some people, espe-
cially those who may be vulnerable
because of a family history of related
mental illnesses or specific gene
But the evidence has been unclear.
For example, one recent study from
the Netherlands found it s equally
possible that people prone to psy-
chosis may be more likely to smoke
pot, possibly as a way of "self-med-
In the new study, published in the
Schizophrenia Bulletin, the researchers
focused on patterns of cannabis use,
gender and the relationship of those
factors to the timing of a first psy-
Age is significant, Di Forti s team
notes in their report, because the
teenage years and early twenties are
a critical time for professional and
educational development, so expe-
riencing an acute psychotic episode
for the first time early on may neg-
atively affect the "likelihood of achiev-
ing optimum level of function."
The researchers surveyed 410
patients between the ages of 18 and
65, two thirds of them male, all of
whom had a psychotic episode and
were admitted to in-patient psychi-
In a previous study based on police
seizures of marijuana in South East
London, skunk-type cannabis was
found to contain 16 per cent THC,
the active compound in cannabis,
compared to 4 per cent in the hash-
type. The researchers found that
males were more likely overall to use
cannabis and also had a younger age
of onset of psychosis. The mean age
at the time of the first psychotic
episode for male users of cannabis
was 26, and for female users was
nearly 29. That compared with nearly
30 years old for male non-users and
32 for female non-users.
They also found the patients who
started using cannabis at age 15 or
younger preferentially smoked high-
potency cannabis more often and had
an earlier onset of psychosis than
those who started using cannabis
after age 15.
The earliest onset was seen among
those who used high-potency
cannabis daily---on average their first
psychosis was six years earlier than
"This study adds to the literature
on earlier age of onset for those with
significant exposure to cannabis," said
Dr Wilson Compton, deputy director
of the National Institute on Drug
Abuse, who was not involved in the
Compton cautioned that this study
specifically focused on patterns of
cannabis use among people who all
developed psychosis, but did not
compare them to users who did not
"The thorny question is whether
they might otherwise have developed
the disease or would have not had
mental illness. It s a distinction we
haven t figured out yet," Compton
Di Forti emphasised that it is
important to counsel educators and
parents about the risks of cannabis
use in teenagers.
"I would try and understand why
people use cannabis, what do they
get from it first and then engage them
explaining how using daily, choosing
high potency type can cause harm
to their brain and increase risk of
psychosis," she said.
"We know for instance that alcohol
can be highly toxic or damaging in
the long term to health but that sen-
sible use of it causes no harm. We
do not yet know enough about safe
use of cannabis and more research
is needed," she said.
In counselling teenagers on
cannabis use, Compton said: "Parents
face the challenge of keeping their
children safe in many spheres. Parents
must establish a nurturing environ-
ment, appropriate supervision and
being aware of who their children
In light of recent changes in mar-
ijuana laws in Washington state and
Colorado, Compton said he thinks
more research will be done on the
effects of marijuana on mental illness
to understand the risks associated
"Even if marijuana is legal for
adults, and if cannabinoids have some
legitimate medical purpose, that
doesn t mean that they are safe for
all individuals," he said.
YOUR DAILY HEALTH
News and advice
Some previous research has suggested that using cannabis might trigger
psychosis in some people, especially those who may be vulnerable because
of a family history of related mental illnesses or specific gene mutations.
overall to use
also had a
of onset of
mean age at
the time of
male users of
26, and for
was nearly 29.
with nearly 30
years old for
users and 32
Daily ganja use tied to early psychotic disorder
Links Archive January 13th 2014 January 15th 2014 Navigation Previous Page Next Page