Home' Trinidad and Tobago Guardian : January 28th 2014 Contents A28
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Guardian www.guardian.co.tt Tuesday, January 28, 2014
NOTICE OF VACANCY
Appointments to the Office of Puisne Judge of the
High Court of Justice of Trinidad and Tobago
The Judicial and Legal Service Commission proposes shortly to advise the President
of the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago to fill vacancies in the complement of Puisne
Judges of the High Court of the Supreme Court of Judicature of Trinidad and Tobago
pursuant to subsection (1) of Section 104 of the Constitution of the Republic of Trinidad
The Commission invites applications for the aforesaid office from suitably qualified
nationals who have been admitted to practise as Attorneys-at-Law in Trinidad and
Tobago, or called to the Bar of England, and are of not less than 10 years standing.
In addition to the minimum qualification set out above, the applicant should normally be
aged between 40 and 57 years and fulfill the criteria by which the Commission is guid-
ed in making such appointments, viz. professional competence, integrity, temperament
All applications must be accompanied by a full resume of the applicant who must be
available for interview by the Commission, if required.
The Commission does not bind itself to make an appointment from among those per-
sons who apply.
Applications are to be contained in sealed envelopes marked Judicial Appointments
and should be delivered by hand or registered mail addressed to:
The Director of Personnel Administration
52-58 Woodford Street
While there is no deadline for the submission of applications, applications should be
submitted as soon as possible as the Commission may proceed to make its recom-
mendations for appointment at any time after 11th February, 2014.
Persons who have applied previously and who still wish to be considered are advised
Using marijuana during pregnancy could affect a
baby s brain development by interfering with how
brain cells are wired, a new study in mice and human
Researchers studied marijuana s effects on mice and
brain tissue from human foetuses, and found that the
active ingredient in marijuana, THC, interferes with
the formation of connections between nerve cells in
the cerebral cortex, the part of the brain responsible
for higher thinking skills and forming memories.
"Our advice is that [pregnant] mothers should avoid
marijuana," said neuroscientist Tibor Harkany of the
Karolinska Institute in Sweden, and the Medical Uni-
versity of Vienna, in Austria, who led a study that was
detailed yesterday in the EMBO Journal.
Harkany added that the effects of prenatal marijuana
exposure could even last into adulthood. The drug
could have direct effects, or it could sensitise the brain
to future drug exposure or neuropsychiatric illnesses.
Increased risk to child
Previous studies have found that exposure to mar-
ijuana during pregnancy can increase a child s risk of
having cognitive deficits or psychiatric disorders.
While it is not exactly clear how marijuana may
affect the foetal brain at a molecular level, it seems
the brain may be particularly sensitive to THC (delta-
9-tetrahydrocannabinol) during early development,
when neurons are forming critical connections. Any
drug that interferes with this development could be
detrimental to the child, Harkany said.
In the study, Harkany and his colleagues tested mar-
ijuana s effects in three ways: They grew brain cells
from mice in the presence of THC, they injected preg-
nant mice with THC, and they studied the brains of
electively aborted human foetuses whose mothers had
used marijuana during pregnancy.
The researchers identified a specific protein in nerve
cells, called Superior Cervical Ganglion 10 (SCG10),
which is essential for normal brain wiring. They found
lower levels of this protein in the brains of both human
and mouse foetuses exposed to THC compared with
individuals who weren t exposed to THC, suggesting
that marijuana exposure has a specific effect on the
Marijuana and brain development
"Prenatal cannabis disrupts synapses [nerve con-
nections] critical for higher order executive and cognitive
function," study researcher Yasmin Hurd, a neurosci-
entist at Mount Sinai Hospital in New York, told Live-
Science in an email.
An increasing number of women of childbearing
age are using marijuana, and this group should be
made aware of the potential impact on the brain devel-
opment of their children, she said.
Harkany added that pregnant women should avoid
using marijuana use for medical purposes.
Previous long-term studies have shown that children
exposed to marijuana in the womb may have an
increased risk of showing cognitive effects, seeking
out drugs, or having attention deficit disorder, anxiety
or depression, according to the study.
Harkany and his colleagues didn t study the effects
of marijuana use prior to pregnancy, but he said the
drug is cleared from the body in a period days, not
months, and using it prior to conception is more likely
to affect the likelihood of becoming pregnant than the
So far, Harkany said, no studies have compared the
effect of marijuana to that of other drugs, such as
alcohol, on foetal brain development.
Marijuana use in pregnancy
can affect baby's brain
YOUR DAILY HEALTH
News and advice
While it is not exactly clear how marijuana may affect the
foetal brain at a molecular level, it seems the brain may be
particularly sensitive to THC (delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol)
during early development, when neurons are forming critical
connections. Any drug that interferes with this development
could be detrimental to the child...
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