Home' Trinidad and Tobago Guardian : February 18th 2014 Contents A28
body & soul
Guardian www.guardian.co.tt Tuesday, February 18, 2014
TRINIDAD & TOBAGO UNIFIED TEACHERS' ASSOCIATION
Invites applications for its
MC KENSLEY NATHASINGH
SCHOLARSHIP AWARDS - 2014
Associate Degree in:
Labour Studies or
Occupational Health and Safety
(2 year full time Scholarships)
tenable at the
Cipriani College of Labour & Cooperative Studies
> A financial member of TTUTA for at least two (2) consecutive years.
> Not enrolled in any other course of studies or planning to enroll within the next two (2) years
> Demonstrated interest in Industrial Relations or Occupational Safety and Health
> An active participant in TTUTA's activities
> Willing to serve TTUTA for two (2) years upon completion of the programme.
Application Forms are available at all TTUTA Offices or can be downloaded
from TTUTA's IRC facebook page or website on www.ttuta.org.tt
Completed application forms with District's recommendation and copies of supporting doc-
uments must be submitted through the TTUTA Office in your district, addressed to:
The Second Vice President
Trinidad &b Tobago Unified Teachers' Association
28 Southern Main Road
Deadline for submission: Thursday 27th February, 2014
UNSUITABLE APPLICATIONS WILL NOT BE ACKNOWLEDGED.
The negative physical and mental effects tied
to bullying among children and teens may accu-
mulate throughout the years, according to a new
Researchers found that teens who had been bullied
in the past and those currently being bullied tended
to have a lower quality of life, compared to those
who were bullied less or not at all.
This finding and previous research on the effects
of bullying suggest more rigorous work should be
done on finding ways to intervene and stop bullying,
said the study's lead author.
"I think this is overwhelming support for early
interventions and immediate interventions and really
advancing the science about interventions," Laura
Bogart, from Boston Children's Hospital, told Reuters
In the past, when researchers have surveyed stu-
dents at one point in time, children and teens who
were being bullied tended to score lower on measures
of physical and mental health.
But few studies have examined whether the pos-
sible effects of bullying accumulate over the years,
the researchers write in the journal Pediatrics.
They analysed data from the Healthy Passages
study, which surveyed students in Alabama, Cal-
ifornia and Texas about how much bullying they
experienced and evaluated their physical and mental
Overall, 4,297 students completed the surveys in
fifth, seventh and tenth grades.
The researchers found that about a third of the
students had been regularly bullied at some point
during the course of the study.
Generally, those who had been bullied in the past
scored better on measures of physical and mental
health, compared to those who were currently being
bullied. Teens who were bullied throughout their
school career scored the worst.
For example, about seven per cent of tenth grade
students who had never been bullied scored low on
mental health measures. That compared to 12 per
cent who had been bullied in the past, 31 per cent
who were currently being bullied and almost 45 per
cent of those who underwent persistent bullying.
About eight per cent of tenth grade students who
were never bullied had poor physical health, com-
pared to 12 per cent of those who were bullied in
the past, 26 per cent who were currently being bul-
lied and 22 per cent who were continuously bul-
Poor mental health included traits such as being
sad, afraid and angry, according to Bogart. Poor
physical health included limitations like not being
able to walk far and not being able to pick up heavy
"I think one key thing to take from this is that
any adult that has any contact with children...
(should) know what the signs of bullying might be,"
Bogart said. "This study tells us some of them, but
not all of them."
"There are physical signs, but they're not always
physical," she said.
For example, one non-physical sign that a young
person is being bullied is that the child doesn't
want to go to school.
Bogart also said it's important for parents to know
if their child falls into one of the groups at high
risk for bullying. Those groups include children
with physical disabilities, those who are overweight
Effects of bullying
may add up in children
and obese and those who are lesbian, gay, bisexual
"I think this says---especially for parents---to be
really attuned to what's going on in their kids' lives
by paying attention, knowing what's going on during
the school day and being aware so they'll notice
changes like these," she said. (Reuters Health)
YOUR DAILY HEALTH
News and Advice
The researchers found that about a third of the students had been regularly
bullied at some point during the course of the study.
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