Home' Trinidad and Tobago Guardian : April 29th 2014 Contents A36
body & soul
Guardian www.guardian.co.tt Tuesday, April 29, 2014
The Legal Aid and Advisory Authority established by the Legal Aid and Advice Act Chapter 7:07 of the laws of
Trinidad and Tobago is mandated "...to make legal aid and advice in Trinidad and Tobago readily available to
persons of small or moderate means, to enable the cost of legal aid or advice granted to persons to be defrayed
wholly or partly out of moneys provided by Parliament, and for purposes connected therewith."
The Legal Aid and Advisory Authority invites suitably qualified parties to submit proposals for a Legal Case
Management System and associated implementation support and training.
The Authority is seeking a comprehensive software solution that follows best practices adopted by Legal Aid organ-
izations in Commonwealth jurisdictions while catering for the Trinidad and Tobago Authority's unique business
processes, structure, and vision for the future
The successful party will be selected based on the applicability of its solution to the requirements outlined in the
Request For Proposal (RFP) document, satisfactory references provided and its ability to collaborate closely with
the staff of the Authority to implement the new system, ensuring the integrity of our business processes.
The RFP document can be obtained on the website of the Ministry of Justice at: http://www.justice.gov.tt/catego-
A submitted RFP shall consist of one (1) original of the hard copy proposal, three (3) copies and a soft copy on a
compact disc (CD). The Technical Proposal and the Financial Proposal must be submitted in separately sealed
envelopes contained in one general package addressed to
Proposals must be deposited at the Reception Area of the LAAA, on the First floor, TTMA Building, no later than
May 29th, 2014 at 3:00pm. Late proposals will not be accepted
The Legal Aid and Advisory Authority is not bound to accept the lowest or any proposal.
For further information please contact John Chong Sing, Email: email@example.com Tel:868.346.8474
Drinking more coffee might lower your risk for
type 2 diabetes, a new large US study suggests.
People who boosted their daily java intake by more
than one cup over four years reduced their diabetes
risk, while adults who drank less coffee in that time
frame saw their odds for diabetes rise, the study of
over 123,000 adults found.
"It looks like there is a dose-response relationship
between increasing coffee consumption and a lower
risk of diabetes," said lead researcher Dr. Frank Hu,
professor of nutrition and epidemiology at the Harvard
School of Public Health.
"Basically, the more coffee, the lower the risk of
diabetes," Hu said. "People who drink three to five
cups of coffee a day enjoyed a significant reduction
in type 2 diabetes risk."
However, people can drink too much coffee, par-
ticularly those who don t respond well to caffeine, Hu
cautioned. Caffeine, a stimulant, keeps some people
awake, and can also cause the heart to speed up.
"It s hard to pinpoint which components of coffee
may contribute to a decreased risk of type 2 diabetes,"
Hu said. "Current thinking is that it is the combination
of antioxidants and other nutrients in coffee that are
responsible for a lower risk of developing diabetes."
The study, published online April 24 in Diabetologia,
shows an association between more coffee and lower
diabetes risk but can t actually prove that one causes
the other, Hu said. However, experiments in animals
and a small human trial did find a cause-and-effect
relationship between coffee and reduced insulin resist-
ance, he said. Insulin resistance is a warning sign of
diabetes. Coffee can be part of a healthy diet, but
people shouldn t look to it as a way to prevent type
2 diabetes, Hu said. "People should still watch their
weight and be physically active," he added.
Like Hu, other experts aren t ready to advise patients
to up their coffee intake just yet.
"It appears from the study that coffee can protect
at least certain populations from developing type 2
diabetes," said Dr. Joel Zonszein, director of the Clinical
Diabetes Center at Montefiore Medical Center in New
"However, as with everything else, the message is
not drinking coffee to prevent diabetes, but rather bal-
ancing all good elements in life so they can all be used
and consumed with moderation," he said.
Dr. Spyros Mezitis, an endocrinologist at Lenox Hill
Hospital in New York City, said a drawback of the
study is that the data was all self-reported by the par-
"You don t know if they are telling the truth," he
Moreover, weight loss and exercise are more effective
ways to reduce diabetes risk than drinking more coffee,
"I am not recommending that anyone drink coffee
to prevent diabetes," he said.
For the study, Hu s team collected data from three
major US studies: the Nurses Health studies of 1986-
2006 and 1991-2007, and the Health Professionals
Follow-up Study of 1986-2006.
Study participants completed questionnaires every
four years that included their coffee and tea intake.
Overall, 7,269 cases of type 2 diabetes were report-
ed.The researchers calculated that people who increased
their coffee consumption by more than one cup a day
for four years reduced the risk of developing type 2
diabetes over the next four years by 11 percent compared
with those who didn t boost their daily coffee intake.
However, people who drank at one less cup of coffee
or more daily over the four years had a 17 percent
higher risk for diabetes in the subsequent four years,
the researchers said.
Hu s group defined a cup of coffee as eight ounces
of coffee, black or with a small amount of milk and/or
sugar. Drinking coffee loaded with sugar or cream may
reduce any benefit coffee may have in reducing diabetes
risk, Hu said. The findings only applied to caffeinated
coffee. Decaffeinated coffee and caffeinated tea weren t
associated with changes in risk for type 2 diabetes, the
Dr Alyson Myers, an endocrinologist at North Shore
University Hospital in Manhasset, NY, said coffee alone
might not account for the reduced diabetes risk.
Could more coffee lower
your odds for diabetes?
YOUR DAILY HEALTH
News and Advice
Links Archive April 28th 2014 April 30th 2014 Navigation Previous Page Next Page