Home' Trinidad and Tobago Guardian : June 11th 2014 Contents IMPROVING ONE'S WRITING
WRITING THE DRAFT
Writing the draft is the part of the writing process
in which ideas are put into words. Writing a draft is
work but it can be made an easier task if students
are taught the basics of composition.
To write with competence, you must have a basic
knowledge and understanding of sentences. For
our purpose, there are four types of sentences,
namely Declarative, Interrogative, Imperative and
(a) A declarative sentence is a statement and re-
quires a period or full stop.
Example:- William walks to school.
(b) An interrogative sentence is a question and re-
quires a question mark.
Example:- Have you finished your homework?
(c) An imperative sentence is a command or re-
quest and requires a period.
Example:- Close the door.
(d) An exclamatory sentence expresses great emo-
tion and requires an exclamation mark.
Example:- Watch out!
A. USING DIFFERENT TYPES OF SENTENCES
Example:- Topic: Winning a prize at school.
1. Have you ever won a prize? (Question)
2. The first time I won a prize, I thought I was the
luckiest person in the world. (Statement)
3. What a tremendous feeling it was! (Exclama-
4. Do not ever be afraid to compete. (Command)
N.B. In the above example, observe that by using the
different types of sentences in your writing, you
can make it most appealing to the reader.
Activity # 1
Using the example, above, fill in the blanks by cre-
ating the type of sentence that is missing in the
TOPIC: A day at the beach
(a) What a wonderful day to go to the beach!
There are so many exciting things to do at the
Stop everything and start packing.
(b) Did we bring everything for the beach?
It is indeed a beautiful day to spend at the beach.
Let's hurry before the waters become rough.
(c) Statement ________________________________
How deep can you dive?
Hold your breath when you go under the water!
Always practise first before you attempt to dive.
(d) Before we return home, can we play some beach
Beach games are an excellent form of physical
Oh, what a magnificent day it was!
Read the following paragraph then write a new
one by changing some statements to questions,
commands, or exclamations. Finally, add your own
opening and closing sentences.
Using a variety of sentences as observed in A,
above, write a personal narrative about "A boring
day that suddenly became very exciting" or "A
weekend, cooking experience with my parent/
• Use interesting and appealing sentences to
start and close your story.
B. USING COMPLEX SENTENCES TO EXTEND
You can also improve your writing by avoiding the
overuse of short jerky sentences.
This can be accomplished by combining sentences to
form either complex or compound sentences. A
writer may also use complex sentences to empha-
size the ideas or thoughts which he/she is
Prior knowledge (1): A COMPLEX SENTENCE, like
the simple sentence, contains a main clause but
also has one or more subordinate clauses.
(S1) He arrived late for work because of heavy
traffic. (Simple Sentence)
(S2) He arrived late for work because the traffic
was heavy. (Complex Sentence)
NOTE: He arrived late for work. (Main Claus); Be-
cause the traffic was heavy (Subordinate Clause)
Prior Knowledge (2): A COMPOUND SENTENCE
contains two separate sentences that are con-
nected by the words and, but, or or nor.
Sammy enjoys sports but his sister loves music
• One can therefore extend sentences by changing
key words/ phrases in Simple sentences into
clauses. For example, in the simple sentence,
'She told me of her illness', the underlined
words can be extended to create the complex
sentence "She told me that she was ill".
Read the following simple sentences carefully
then change each one into a complex sentence.
(Use the underlined words to assist you).
(a) We enjoyed a fine dinner after viewing the
(b) We enjoyed a fine dinner after we had
viewed the concert. (Complex)
1. (a) They will assist her, with your permission.
2. (a) The children loved to play in the park next to
3. (a) He was late on account of his carelessness.
4. (a) Jamie and Timothy will wait here for their
5. (a) The rain having passed, the people continued
6. (a) Denise received an awesome surprise on
entering the house.
7. (a) It is very difficult to guess her age.
8. (a) The storm having passed, the children
continued walking home.
Continued on next page
Guardian www.guardian.co.tt Wednesday, June 11, 2014
1. Our brother keeps all different types of things
in his room. 2. Mummy told him to clean it out.
3. Why is there so much dust in one of the cor-
ners? 4. This is a terrible mess! 5. Maybe we
shouldn't have opened it up. 6. That looked like
a golden statuette inside. 7. It could be worth a
lot of money. 8. Should we polish it and give it
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