Home' Trinidad and Tobago Guardian : June 11th 2014 Contents CHANGING COMPLEX SENTENCES TO
N.B. We can also do the opposite of the above by
changing complex sentences to a simpler form and
include these ,as well, in our writing so that there is
a variety of sentences.
(S1) As we entered the house, we met our
favourite aunt. ( Complex)
(S2) On entering the house, we met our
favourite aunt. (Simple)
In the exercise below, create Simple sentences by
changing the underlined clauses into phrases.
(a) Carl was absent on account of his illness.
(b) Carl was absent because he was ill.
1. We cannot tell you how old she is.
2. He did not succeed because he was careless.
3. Before she left, she gave us some money.
4. When we heard the scores, we were disap-
5. Sheila is sure that David will support her.
C. EXTENDING SENTENCES IN RESPONSE TO
Finally, writers also tend to explore the five (5)
Ws - What? When? Where? Why? and How? in
order to express their thoughts in a more com-
(a) Larry plays ... what? ... cricket, every day.
(b) Sharon went to the store ... why? ... to buy
some earrings and some bow clips
Match the following sentence parts to expand
each of the simple sentences below. Ask the 5 'W'
questions. N.B. (Some sentences can be expanded
with more than one phrase).
Some questions are more difficult to find answers
for than others using information given in the pas-
Read the following sample passage very carefully
2 - 3 times then answer the questions that follow:
Q. 1. What is the name of the dog in the passage?
Q. 2. Who gave Spot to the writer?
Q. 3. On what special occasion did the writer get
You may have no problem answering these ques-
tions because the information required to answer
each question is given in the passage --
"I have had my dog Spot (Question 1) since he was
a puppy. My best friend's father (Question 2) had
given him to me as a birthday (Question 3) pres-
Generally, we can place questions in comprehension
activities into three (3) categories. Today we will
look at two (2) of these categories:
1. THE LITERAL QUESTION: This type of question
calls for a simple recall or re-stating of facts or
information given in a passage or poem. The
answer to this type of question does not re-
quire you to go beyond the information given in
the passage. Questions 1, 2 and 3 given above
are examples of this type of question.
Read the passage very carefully 2-3 times and
then use the information given in the passage to
answer the questions that follow.
1. According to information given in the passage,
what name is given to the smallest community
2. What name is given to the community where
several cities come together?
3. What needs arise as a result of the growing
presence of larger communities in densely popu-
4. According to information given in the passage,
what environmental and social problems are
linked to the presence of large communities?
5. According to information given in the passage,
what type of land is used up to build larger com-
Read the following poem very carefully 2-3 times
and then answer the questions that follow.
Wednesday, June 11, 2014 www.guardian.co.tt Guardian
I have had my dog Spot since he was a puppy. My best
friend's father had given him to me as a present on
my tenth birthday. Spot and I have had quite a lot of
fun together over the years. I am now a grown man
and Spot is now a fat old dog that hardly moves from
his basket. Spot has not lost his appetite for food. He
still eats a big bowl of beef liver every day. However, I
still love him as much now as on the first day I got him
as a birthday present.
Today the village is, generally speaking, the smallest
community. Not so long ago there was a smaller type
of community called a "hamlet" and there are, in fact,
a few hamlets left in many parts of the world, but
the present tendency is towards larger and larger
communities and very soon even villages will be a
thing of the past.
A larger kind of community is represented by the
town; and, an even larger, by a city. Even so, the city
is no longer considered to be the largest type of com-
munity because, in many highly developed and
densely populated countries, several cities have
joined together to form what are called "conurba-
tions" These conurbations may occupy huge areas
of built-up land and always tend to spread further
and further into the countryside, eating up farmland.
This results in the need for more and wider roads,
more electricity power and more water.
In an over-populated heavily industrialized country,
the growth of these enormous cities and conurba-
tions can result in many environmental and social
problems such as pollution, epidemics and crime.
(Adapted from Trinidad & Tobago and Beyond by I.B.
1 The bay is calm and the moon is bright,
The hills look black though the sky is light,
Down at the dock is an English ship,
4 Resting after her ocean trip,
While on the pier is a monstrous hustle,
Tally men, carriers, all in a bustle,
With stems on their heads in a long black snake
Continued on next page
a. The children waited when the rain came pour-
b. Denise smiled
on the silppery, muddy
c. The guests were sit-
loudly, in pain.
d. Larry practises
on hearing that her
favourite uncle would
visit her, soon
e. Everyone scampered
inside the drawing room.
f. Conrad almost skidded playing football every af-
g. On injuring his toe,
Leslie cried out
for the arrival of their
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