Home' Trinidad and Tobago Guardian : June 18th 2014 Contents In this Tutorial, we will (a) learn about the Active
and Passive Voices; (b) practice changing from the
Passive Voice to the Active Voice and vice versa and
(c) learn about and use Direct Speech and Indirect
Speech. In tutorial #3, we found out how to use dif-
ferent types of sentences to make our writing more
appealing to the reader. By using the Active and Pas-
sive voice to change the structure of sentences, we
can make our writing even more interesting.
A. THE ACTIVE AND PASSIVE VOICES
All sentences are written either in the Active or
Passive Voice. The Active Voice is seen in sen-
tences where the verbs are transitive, that is, sit-
uations where the Subjects take an Object.
(S1) "The footballer (Subject) kicked the ball
(Object) into the open goal
On the other hand, in the Passive Voice, a
rearrangement in the sentence occurs in which
the Direct Object of a Transitive Verb becomes
the Subject of that verb.
(S2) "The ball was kicked (by) the footballer
into the open goal.
N.B.: The meaning of (S1) and (S2) is the same,
with "by" being used to show who had performed
the action of " kicking" and (b) the Extension "into
the open goal" is placed after the verb.
Practice Exercise #1
Now, using the example in (S2), above, change the
following sentences which are in the Active Voice
into the Passive Voice.
1. Most children love ice cream.
2. The vendor had sold many delicious fruits to his
3. The Principal will present an award to the top
4. Annie wrote several letters to her favourite uncle,
5. Danny borrowed a ball point pen from his friend,
6. The caterer had cooked some tasty meals for the
7. The dog bounced the furry ball across the yard.
8. The girls had met some cousins at the movies.
9. Cheryl cut up the fruits for the chow.
10. The musicians will perform a medley for
NOW, WE DO THE OPPOSITE
Practice Exercise #2
Change the following sentences that are in the
Passive voice, into the Active Voice. (Remember,
the Subject of these sentences now return to their
original position, that is, as Objects in the new
(S1) The sports teacher (Subject) in the school
was loved by all the standard five students.
(S2) All the standard five students loved the
sports teacher (Object) in the school.
1. The huge dish of cat food was heartily eaten by
our cat, Mickles.
2. The newspapers were read by Mr. Joseph during
his spare time.
3. Melissa was given a bag of popcorn by Petal,
4. The money had been stolen from the store by
5. Ashley was chosen as house captain by her
6. The distance is being run in record time by the
7. The injured, accident victim was brought to the
hospital by the ambulance.
8. Many exotic animals had been seen by the
children at the Zoo.
B. DIRECT and INDIRECT SPEECH
Direct Speech refers to the actual words of a
speaker. Open and closed quotation marks -- "..."
indicate the beginning and end of the Direct Speech.
For example in the question "Will you help me
wash the car?," Mummy asked Tony, the
underlined words are the Direct Speech.
However, when someone reports what was said, for
example:- Mummy asked Tony whether he would
help her to wash the car, the underlined words,
here, form what is called the Reported or Indirect
N.B.: In Indirect Speech, the actual words are not
used and so there are no open and closed inverted
Practice Exercise #3
Write D.S (Direct Speech) or I.S (Indirect Speech)
in the brackets to describe the following
(S1) "How soon will you be visiting us?" Geena
asked her friend, Joan. (D.S)
(S2) Geena enquired from her friend, Joan about
how soon Joan would be visiting them. (I.S)
1. The guide advised the class, "Please walk care-
fully and in single file." (____________)
2. The teacher told the children to turn their pages
to the exercise that they had been given for
home lesson. (____________)
3. Daddy enquired from the children about where
they would like to visit the next day when they
went to Tobago. (____________)
4. The cricketer shouted to his friend, "Throw the
ball quickly before he reaches the wicket".
5. The principal informed the parents that the next
meeting would be held that same time in the
new school term. (____________)
6. Danielle shouted to her friend, "Be extremely
careful when you climb that shaky ladder!"
NOTE: Please observe the following when changing
Direct Speech to Indirect Speech:-
N.B.: CHANGES IN TENSE
1. The Present Tense changes into the Past Tense.
2. The Past Tense changes into the Past Perfect
3. The Present Continuous Tense changes into the
Past Continuous Tense.
4. The Perfect Tense changes into the Past Perfect
5. The Future Tense changes into the Future
A. THESE CHANGES CAN BE SEEN IN THE
Guardian www.guardian.co.tt Wednesday, June 18, 2014
Continued on next page
1. Julia said, "I eat cereal
Julia said that she ate cereal
2. Julia said, "I ate cereal
Julia said that she had eaten
cereal for breakfast
3. Julia said , "I am eating
cereal for breakfast." Julia said that she was eating
cereal for breakfast.
4. Julia said, "I have eaten
cereal for breakfast." Julia said that she had eaten
cereal for breakfast.
5. Julia said, "I will/ shall
eat cereal for breakfast."
Julia said that she would/
should eat cereal for break-
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