Home' Trinidad and Tobago Guardian : June 18th 2014 Contents B. CHANGES IN PERSONAL PRONOUNS and
(S1) Joanne asked, "Can you please bring some
juice for me?" (D.S)
(S2) Joanne asked whether he/she could kindly
bring some juice for her. (I.S)
C. CHANGES IN PLACE and TIME:-
(S1) "We'll look for the book, tomorrow", Dale
(S2) Dale promised that they would look for the
book the next day. (I.S)
Practice Exercise #4 (Refer to A, B and C, above)
Change the following sentences into Indirect
1. "I will like you to go to the gym and wait there for
me," the coach said to the footballers.
2. Mummy assured Dionne, "I have already made all
the arrangements for your party, tomorrow."
3. "I am giving you your dentist's appointment for
Thursday, next week at ten a.m. sharp," the
secretary informed the patient.
4. Mr. Davis asked the mechanic, "Will you have
enough time to completely paint the car by next
5. "I will be extremely delighted to see you if you
visited me," Charlene told her grandparents.
Practice Exercise #5
Change the following sentences into Direct
1. The Principal told the children that they would
have to wear with their games uniform for the
Sports' Day on the following week.
2. The officer informed the woman that it would
take three days for her to obtain her visitor's
3. Ms. Ali encouraged her students that they
should always try to do their home work.
4. Carisse informed her mother that she was so
hungry that day that she could eat almost a
5. Davie enquired from Rajesh whether he had
seen the new action show that had started on
Television, two nights before.
(NOTE TO PARENTS AND TEACHERS)
Interpretation and Critical Thinking Questions:
To answer some questions require us to have some
past or background knowledge or experience with
the contents of the passage or poem. We are called
upon to make linkages or connections between the
contents of the passage or poem and our knowledge
or past experiences.
These questions may also require us to analyse the
passage or poem -- that is to say, we must read,
interpret and formulate the meaning of words,
phrases, sentences or extracts from a poem or
In doing so, we may be required to do one or more of
• make INFERENCES (say what MAY HAVE
TAKEN PLACE based on information given in the
passage or poem);
• make PREDICTIONS (say what MAY HAPPEN in
the future based on linkages that could be made
to past experiences or information given in a
passage or poem);
CONCLUSIONS (say that something
happened based on information given in the
poem or passage); or
• form JUDGEMENTS (say that this word, phrase,
sentence/line, paragraph/verse or passage/poem
taught us a lesson or has a moral or this is good
or bad, useful or useless)
Let's go back to the passage we used the week
Question 1: Why do you think Spot is fat?
Finding the answer for Question 1 required you to
apply additional skills other than simply recall be-
cause the passage does not tell you why Spot is fat.
To answer this question you will have to analyse the
passage and make connections using different
pieces of information provided in the passage for
example, Spot has not lost his appetite for food.
He still enjoys eating a big bowl of chicken liver
Then you can infer that as a result of his eating he is
Question 2: What kind of relationship do you think
the author and his dog had over the years?
Finding the answer for Question 2 required you to
bring pieces of information given in passage ("Spot
and I have had quite a lot of fun together; and, I
still love him as much......") in order to make a
conclusion that the author loved his dog very much
and that they did a lot of activities together.
You can conclude that they had a very 'good'
relationship over the years.
Read the following passage very carefully 2-3
times and then answer the questions that follow.
Remember to use the ideas we discussed to help
you answer the questions.
NOTE: This is the same passage from last week but
note the difference in the questions.
Wednesday, June 18, 2014 www.guardian.co.tt Guardian
I have had my dog Spot since he was a puppy. My best
friend's father had given him to me as a present on
my eighth birthday. Spot and I have had quite a lot of
fun together over the years. I am now a grown man
and Spot is now a fat old dog that hardly moves from
his basket. However, Spot has not lost his appetite for
food. He still enjoys eating a big bowl of chicken liver
every day. I still love him as much as on the first day I
got him as a present.
Continued on next page
I, me, she, he, they, him, her,
them, and so on.
his, her, my, their.
his, her, my, their.
last week the previous week/the week before.
the following month
the following week
the day before/ the previous day
the next day
last night before
On the mountain the wind roared through the pines
and larch trees, then the houses in the village creaked
and shook. The first crash of thunder sounded through
the valley like a rolling of drums, gradually dying away,
to be followed by another and another. For half an
hour, crash after crash continued. Heidi and Jamie
clung to the doctor, watching at one window while
Peter and Bridgett peered anxiously from another.
Suddenly someone ran through the streets crying:
"Fire! Fire on the mountain!"
Heidi turned pale and rushed to the door, followed by
the doctor and Jamie. Bridgett hurried after the girls,
carrying the capes that they had forgotten. It had
begun to rain, and the thunder now seemed farther
away. High on the mountain a bright glare shone out.
There was no possible doubt in Heidi's mind. It was
Several men joined the doctor, who was already climb-
ing, in all haste, up the Alm, his emergency case ready.
"There's nothing we can do," said one of the men. "It's
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