Home' Trinidad and Tobago Guardian : July 2nd 2014 Contents CHANGING PARTS OF SPEECH
Revision: You have always been taught that there
are eight (8) Parts of Speech. However, a word can
change from one part of speech to another, accord-
ing to how this word is used in language.
A. NOUNS CHANGE TO VERBS
A word such as a noun, that is originally, the
name of something or someone, can, in another
situation indicate the action that takes place in a
sentence. In this case, that word has now be-
come a verb.
(1) Yesterday, our parents gave us an informative
talk. (Noun) about
"Showing respect" BUT (2) Our coach will talk.
(Verb) to our team this afternoon.
Practice Exercise #1
Write 'Verb' or 'Noun' in the brackets to name the
Part of Speech of each underlined word.
(a) Can you cut the vegetables, please? (__________)
(b) Charles received a cut while peeling a mango.
(c) The prisoner was given a pardon by the Presi-
(d) Pardon me, please, I need to use the bathroom.
(e) Make a good guess and see whether you can
supply the answer. (__________)
(f) Patrons were being asked to guess the weight of
the huge bottle of sweets. (__________)
(g) My family usually enjoys a long walk on the
(h) The competitors will walk a distance of eight
kilometers, tomorrow. (__________)
(i) Fruit juice is always a delicious drink.
(j) It is advisable that we should drink at least eight
glasses of water per day. (__________)
C. Changing Adverbs to Adjectives (and vice
RECAP: An Adverb modifies (a) a verb (b) an ad-
jective or (c) another adverb.
For example: They ate greedily (b) She is quite
beautiful (c) They have just arrived.
An Adjective describes a noun or pronoun.
For example: Samuel is a just man.
• However, the same word may be used as an
Adjective or an Adverb according to the work it
does in the sentence.
(S1) 'This problem is causing much trouble
(S2) They cannot wait much longer. (Adverb)
Here "much" functions as an Adverb for it
modifies the adverb "longer".
Practice Exercise #2
Write 'Adj' (Adjective) or 'Adv' (Adverb) in the
brackets to name the underlined word in each of
the following sentences.
1. She is a close relative of mine. (__________)
2. The children stood close to each other during the
3. My family usually awakes quite early in the
4. Alicia usually takes the early bus to work.
5 Daddy likes to buy a daily newspaper.
6. Mrs. Alfred visits her sick friend, daily.
7. Will this take much longer? (__________)
8. The climbers finally reached the mountain the
top but with much difficulty. (__________)
9. Her mother stood near while her baby played.
10. Mr. Daniel works at a near building in the neigh-
C. Pronouns that change to Adjectives
RECAP: A pronoun is a word that takes the place
of a Noun.
• The Indefinite Pronoun is one that does not indi-
cate the exact number of persons or things to
which they refer.
For example, 'few, several, everyone, someone,
many' another, anybody, all, anything are all ex-
amples of Indefinite Pronouns.
This is demonstrated in the sentence 'Few of the
plums were ripe (Pronoun). However when some
of these Indefinite Pronouns are immediately
followed by a noun, they become Indefinite Ad-
For example: There were few plums on the tree.
Practice Exercise #3
Underline the Indefinite Pronoun and put brackets
to show the Indefinite Adjective in each pair of the
(S1) Many came but were disappointed.
(S2) (Many) guests have arrived.
1. (a) Several children live near the school.
(b) Several of the popular sites were visited.
2. (a) You can have any ripe mango on the table.
(b) Will any of you accompany me to the
3. (a) A few persons are still standing outside.
(b) Only a few of these problems have been
4. (a) Most of the work is completed.
(b) Most children in my class can read.
5. (a) We could see many dark clouds in the
(b) Many of the dogs were playing in the park.
D. The same word used as (a) a Preposition and
(b) as a Conjunction
Some words can function as Prepositions or Con-
junctions according to the work they do in the
• A Preposition will form a phrase with a Noun/
Noun Phrase or Pronoun.
(S1) Janice had not written her cousin since two
months ago. (Preposition)
A Conjunction, on the other hand, joins words as
well as clauses together.
(S2) They had not seen him since he left three
days ago. (Conjunction)
(S3) My sister bought some bread and milk at
the supermarket (Conjunction)
Practice Exercise #4
'Prep' (Preposition) or 'Conj' (Conjunc-
tion) to name the underlined word
in each sentence.
(S1) After dinner, we played a few games. (Prep;
(S3) We played a few games after we had eaten
dinner. (Prep; Conj.)
1. We have been waiting for an appointment since
Monday. (Prep; Conj.)
2. He was respected since he was a good, honest
person. (Prep; Conj.)
3. Please don't leave until we arrive. (Prep; Conj.)
4. The meeting lasted until nine o'clock. (Prep;
5. Everyone but Satesh had finished his homework.
6. We looked for her but she was not there. (Prep;
7. The woman asked the mailman for her package.
8. He could not go for he had a previous appoint-
ment. (Prep; Conj.)
A. Give the part of speech of each underlined
words in the following sentences.
1. Do not forget to duck when you pass under that
2. This pie has a delicious taste. (__________)
3. Tommy has a duck on his small farm.
4. Tomorrow, he will ship the fruits to his relatives,
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