Home' Trinidad and Tobago Guardian : July 13th 2014 Contents A43
July 13, 2014 www.guardian.co.tt Sunday Guardian
INVITATION FOR CONSULTANCY SERVICES
The Environmental Management Authority (EMA) is a statutory organization
established in 1995 under the Environmental Management Act chapter 35:05. The
EMA is responsible for, among other things, developing and implementing policies,
laws and programmes for the effective management of the environment.
The EMA is inviting bids from suitably qualified consultants/firms to review and
prepare a revised National Environmental Policy; Conduct Stakeholders
Consultations and Host Public Sessions.
Collection of Tender Documents:
Tenderers are required to make a non--refundable deposit of $500.00 at any branch
of Republic Bank Limited, Account # 2901-0113-5701. Original receipts must be
presented to the EMA Head Office, #8 Elizabeth Street, St. Clair, Port of Spain to
collect the tender package. Tender package should be accompanied by the following:
1. Valid Income Tax and Value Added Tax Clearance issued by the Board
Inland Revenue and dated not more than six (6) months prior to the closing
date of the tender.
2. Certificate of Incorporation / Certificate of continuance.
3. Valid National Insurance Certificate.
Tender document can be obtained between the hours of 8:00am -- 4:00pm daily
during the period July 8th to July 18th, 2014.
Submission of Tender Documents:
Sealed Tenders bearing no mark or seal of the tenderer must be clearly marked:
"Tender for Consultancy Services for Revision of the National Environmental
Policy of Trinidad and Tobago" and addressed to:
The Corporate Secretary
Environmental Management Authority
#8 Elizabeth Street
St. Clair, Port of Spain
Trinidad, West Indies
Sealed tenders should be deposited no later than 3:00pm on August 08th 2014, in
the Tender Box provided at the Environmental Management Authority, #8 Elizabeth
Street, St. Clair, Port of Spain.
Late Tenders will not be considered in any circumstances. The Authority does not
bind itself to accept the lowest or any other tender. The Authority reserves the right
to cancel the present notice in its entirety or partially without defraying any cost
incurred by any firm in submitting the Tender.
aIn early July, Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi,
the head of the jihadist terror group now
known as the Islamic State---formerly the
Islamic State in Iraq and Syria, or Isis---
preached on high in Mosul and declared
himself the "Caliph Ibrahim" of a new fun-
damentalist Sunni state stretching from
western and northern Iraq to northern
Syria. This announcement came after
months of fighting over territory and skir-
mishes with Iraqi forces, as Isis invaded
and captured dozens of Iraqi cities includ-
ing Tikrit, Saddam Hussein s hometown.
In short order, Baghdadi has become Iraq s
most prominent extremist leader. But for
much of his adult life, Baghdadi did not
have a reputations as a fiery, jihadist trail-
blazer. According to the Telegraph, members
of his local mosque in Tobchi (a neighbour-
hood in Baghdad) who knew him from
around 1989 until 2004 (when he was
between the ages of 18 and 33) considered
Baghdadi a quiet, studious fellow and a tal-
ented soccer player. When the United States
Was Iraq's top terrorist
radicalised at a US-run prison?
invaded Iraq in 2003, Baghdadi was earning a degree
in Islamic studies in Baghdad.
But within a couple years of the US invasion, Bagh-
dadi was a prisoner in Camp Bucca, the US-run
detainment facility in Umm Qasr, Iraq. And a US
compound commander stationed at that prison---
and other military officials---have in recent weeks
wondered whether Baghdadi s stint there radicalised
him and put him on the path to taking over Isis in
2010 and guiding the movement to its recent military
Most Iraqi detainees arrested 'by mistake'
The details of Baghdadi s time in Camp Bucca are
murky. Some media reports note that he was held
as a "civilian internee" at the prison for ten months
in 2004. Others report that he was captured by US
forces in 2005 and spent four years at Camp Bucca.
The reason why he was apprehended is not publicly
known; he could have been arrested on a specific
charge or as part of a large sweep of insurgents or
insurgent supporters. (A confidential Red Cross report
leaked in May 2004 suggested than around 90 per
cent of detainees of Iraqi origin were arrested "by
Army Col Kenneth King, the commanding US offi-
cer at Camp Bucca in 2009, recently told the Daily
Beast that he distinctly remembered a man resembling
Baghdadi: "He was a bad dude, but he wasn t the
worst of the worst." King noted he was "not surprised"
that such a radical figure emerged from the facili-
ty.James Skylar Gerrond, a former US Air Force secu-
rity forces officer and a compound commander at
Camp Bucca in 2006 and 2007, says that he believes
Baghdadi s stay at the prison contributed to his rad-
icalisation---or at least bolstered his extremism. After
Baghdadi proclaimed the Islamic State a new nation
and himself its leader, Gerrond tweeted, "Many of
us at Camp Bucca were concerned that instead of
just holding detainees, we had created a pressure
cooker for extremism." Gerrond is now a civilian
working for the Department of Defense.
"Like many Iraq vets, I ve been following the sit-
uation with Isis for the last several weeks and trying
to understand why things are falling apart so badly
in the region," Gerrond told the magazine Mother
Jones in an e-mail.
"When some of Baghdadi s personal history started
to come out, such as the fact that he was detained
at Camp Bucca around the same time I was deployed
there, I started to reflect on my deployment and what
the conditions were at the facility during that time."
Prisoners separated to prevent extremism
Gerrond notes that US military officials in charge
of the prison fretted that prisoners could be radicalised
According to Gerrond---and documents released
by the US military back him up---the military officials
running Camp Bucca took steps to prevent radical-
isation of inmates and violence at the camp. This
included careful segregation and later, specific anti-
extremist re-education programmes. Prisoners were
separated on the basis of ideology, among other
factors, in order to prevent the commingling of extrem-
ists and moderates. The prisoners who were identified
as the "most extreme," including those who associated
with radical factions, were isolated.
By quarantining extremists from younger or more
moderate detainees, US military officials believed
they could keep others from being converted, accord-
ing to Gerrond. However, he says, it was incredibly
difficult at Camp Bucca to regulate and monitor
whether or not these efforts were successful.
Continues on Page A44
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