Home' Trinidad and Tobago Guardian : July 13th 2014 Contents A46
Sunday Guardian www.guardian.co.tt July 13, 2014
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Admission for Outstanding Students
Hyatt Regency Hotel (Sangre Grand Conference Room)
1 Wrightson Rd, Port of Spain, Trinidad and Tobago
Phone: 868 623 2222
1. Prestigious Ranking: California State University, Stanislaus is
recognized among the top colleges and universities in the nation,
earning a place in the Princeton Review's "The Best 378 Colleges: 2014
Edition." CSU Stan is ranked 28th out of 2,500 universities nationwide by TIME
2. California State University, Stanislaus: is a constituent member of the
California State University System, the largest four-year system of higher
education in the United States. The CSU System spans the entire state of
California, has an annual budget of more than $5 billion.
3. Outstanding California Location in a Safe, Friendly & Vibrant Learning
Community You will love this park-like beautiful campus within a short
drive from all the places you want to see - San Francisco, Lake Tahoe,
Yosemite National Park & the Pacific Ocean!
Please bring your Education Documents: Copies of certified transcripts,
degrees, Certificates & 1 photograph!
Contact: Mahmoud Lamadanie, Director of International Education
To pre-register please Email: MLamadanie@CSUstan.edu
All persons whose eligibility for registration with the
Board of Engineering of Trinidad and Tobago
(BOETT) commences in January 2015 must
provide evidence of "further learning", beyond the
Bachelor's degree in Engineering, to Master's level.
Further learning may be attained by an appropriate
recognised Master's degree or an accumulation of
academic type knowledge acceptable to the Board.
Applicants graduating prior to 2009 are not affected
as long as they possess a recognised Engineering
BOARD OF ENGINEERING OF
TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO
Seaweed may not be the first ingre-
dient that springs to mind for perfume.
But algae are among the obscure ingre-
dients to which perfume makers are
turning to preserve the scent of their
fragrances in the face of new EU anti-
The global high-end perfume indus-
try, generating US$25 billion in annual
sales, is readying itself for EU regulations
that will come into force in early 2015.
These will ban widely-used ingredi-
ents such as oak moss, a natural sub-
stance, that was found in the original
versions of best-sellers including
Chanel s No. 5 and Miss Dior.
Perfume creators say they love oak
moss for its woody, earthy notes which
give it depth and help make scent last
longer. But on the grounds that between
one and three per cent of the EU pop-
ulation could suffer an allergic reac-
tion---such as dermatitis---Brussels is
banning two of its core molecules, atra-
nol and chloroatranol.
Perfume makers will only be allowed
to use oak moss from which these two
molecules have been removed. The
makers say this results in a much lighter
and less vigorous scent.
"I am crazy about oak moss, it is one
of my favourite ingredients," says Marc-
Antoine Corticchiato, perfume creator
or "nose" at his niche Parfum d Empire
Corticchiato, like many other "noses,"
is anxious about the new wave of poten-
tially costly rules emanating from Brus-
The fragrance industry that supplies
perfume makers like Corticchiato already
has its own self regulation body---the
International Fragrance Association
(IFRA)---financed by providers such as
Givaudan, New York-listed International
Flavors & Fragrances, and Germany s
Symrise. It has imposed restrictions on
a growing list of ingredients over the
years for various health reasons.
In addition, perfume makers do a lot
of their own in-house and post-market
surveillance and do their own testing,
which can cost several hundred thou-
sands of euros a year, depending on the
number of products and ingredients
A touch of algae
One solution for oak moss, Cortic-
chiato says, is to add a touch of algae
as its wet, iodised smell coupled with
other ingredients, to help recreate oak
moss mouldy character.
The European Commission is also
banning a synthetic molecule called
HICC, or lyral, which replicates the
smell of lily of the valley. It too can
cause dermatitis in allergy sufferers.
L Oreal, which makes Lancome and
Armani perfumes, said it was looking
for alternatives. It declined to say which
of its perfumes contained lyral.
Perfume makers say they understand
that their products need to be safe and
recognise how damaging to their rep-
utation any serious allergic reaction
But some say the industry is being
unfairly targeted. Up until now, they
say, there have only been minor cases
Perfume makers adapt to EU rules
Patricia de Nicolai, French perfumer who created the Nicolai perfume brand with her husband 25 years ago,
poses in the brand laboratory in Paris, on June 23. REUTERS PHOTO
Continues on Page A47
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